[ANN][ANDROID MINING][AIRDROP] NewEnglandcoin: Scrypt RandomSpike

New England
New England 6 States Songs: https://www.reddit.com/newengland/comments/er8wxd/new_england_6_states_songs/
Symbol: NENG
NewEnglandcoin is a clone of Bitcoin using scrypt as a proof-of-work algorithm with enhanced features to protect against 51% attack and decentralize on mining to allow diversified mining rigs across CPUs, GPUs, ASICs and Android phones.
Mining Algorithm: Scrypt with RandomSpike. RandomSpike is 3rd generation of Dynamic Difficulty (DynDiff) algorithm on top of scrypt.
1 minute block targets base difficulty reset: every 1440 blocks subsidy halves in 2.1m blocks (~ 2 to 4 years) 84,000,000,000 total maximum NENG 20000 NENG per block Pre-mine: 1% - reserved for dev fund ICO: None RPCPort: 6376 Port: 6377
NewEnglandcoin has dogecoin like supply at 84 billion maximum NENG. This huge supply insures that NENG is suitable for retail transactions and daily use. The inflation schedule of NengEnglandcoin is actually identical to that of Litecoin. Bitcoin and Litecoin are already proven to be great long term store of value. The Litecoin-like NENG inflation schedule will make NewEnglandcoin ideal for long term investment appreciation as the supply is limited and capped at a fixed number
Bitcoin Fork - Suitable for Home Hobbyists
NewEnglandcoin core wallet continues to maintain version tag of "Satoshi v0.8.7.5" because NewEnglandcoin is very much an exact clone of bitcoin plus some mining feature changes with DynDiff algorithm. NewEnglandcoin is very suitable as lite version of bitcoin for educational purpose on desktop mining, full node running and bitcoin programming using bitcoin-json APIs.
The NewEnglandcoin (NENG) mining algorithm original upgrade ideas were mainly designed for decentralization of mining rigs on scrypt, which is same algo as litecoin/dogecoin. The way it is going now is that NENG is very suitable for bitcoin/litecoin/dogecoin hobbyists who can not , will not spend huge money to run noisy ASIC/GPU mining equipments, but still want to mine NENG at home with quiet simple CPU/GPU or with a cheap ASIC like FutureBit Moonlander 2 USB or Apollo pod on solo mining setup to obtain very decent profitable results. NENG allows bitcoin litecoin hobbyists to experience full node running, solo mining, CPU/GPU/ASIC for a fun experience at home at cheap cost without breaking bank on equipment or electricity.
MIT Free Course - 23 lectures about Bitcoin, Blockchain and Finance (Fall,2018)
CPU Minable Coin Because of dynamic difficulty algorithm on top of scrypt, NewEnglandcoin is CPU Minable. Users can easily set up full node for mining at Home PC or Mac using our dedicated cheetah software.
Research on the first forked 50 blocks on v1.2.0 core confirmed that ASIC/GPU miners mined 66% of 50 blocks, CPU miners mined the remaining 34%.
NENG v1.4.0 release enabled CPU mining inside android phones.
Youtube Video Tutorial
How to CPU Mine NewEnglandcoin (NENG) in Windows 10 Part 1 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sdOoPvAjzlE How to CPU Mine NewEnglandcoin (NENG) in Windows 10 Part 2 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nHnRJvJRzZg
How to CPU Mine NewEnglandcoin (NENG) in macOS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zj7NLMeNSOQ
Decentralization and Community Driven NewEnglandcoin is a decentralized coin just like bitcoin. There is no boss on NewEnglandcoin. Nobody nor the dev owns NENG.
We know a coin is worth nothing if there is no backing from community. Therefore, we as dev do not intend to make decision on this coin solely by ourselves. It is our expectation that NewEnglandcoin community will make majority of decisions on direction of this coin from now on. We as dev merely view our-self as coin creater and technical support of this coin while providing NENG a permanent home at ShorelineCrypto Exchange.
Twitter Airdrop
Follow NENG twitter and receive 100,000 NENG on Twitter Airdrop to up to 1000 winners
Graphic Redesign Bounty
Top one award: 90.9 million NENG Top 10 Winners: 500,000 NENG / person Event Timing: March 25, 2019 - Present Event Address: NewEnglandcoin DISCORD at: https://discord.gg/UPeBwgs
Please complete above Twitter Bounty requirement first. Then follow Below Steps to qualify for the Bounty: (1) Required: submit your own designed NENG logo picture in gif, png jpg or any other common graphic file format into DISCORD "bounty-submission" board (2) Optional: submit a second graphic for logo or any other marketing purposes into "bounty-submission" board. (3) Complete below form.
Please limit your submission to no more than two total. Delete any wrongly submitted or undesired graphics in the board. Contact DISCORD u/honglu69#5911 or u/krypton#6139 if you have any issues.
Twitter Airdrop/Graphic Redesign bounty sign up: https://goo.gl/forms/L0vcwmVi8c76cR7m1
NENG v1.4.0 Android Mining, randomSpike Evaluation https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/download/NENG_2020_Q3_report/NENG_2020_Q3_report.pdf
RandomSpike - NENG core v1.3.0 Hardfork Upgrade Proposal https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/download/2020Q1_Report/Scrypt_RandomSpike_NENGv1.3.0_Hardfork_Proposal.pdf
NENG Security, Decentralization & Valuation
Whitepaper v1.0 https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/download/whitepaper_v1.0/NENG_WhitePaper.pdf
DISCORD https://discord.gg/UPeBwgs
http://www.findblocks.com/exploreNENG http://nengexplorer.mooo.com:3001/
Step by step guide on how to setup an explorer: https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/nengexplorer
Github https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin
Android with UserLand App (arm64/armhf), Chromebook (x64/arm64/armhf): https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/tag/v1.4.0.5
Linux Wallet (Ubuntu/Linux Mint, Debian/MX Linux, Arch/Manjaro, Fedora, openSUSE): https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/tag/v1.4.0.3
MacOS Wallet (10.11 El Capitan or higher): https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/tag/v1.4.0.2
Android with GNUroot on 32 bits old Phones (alpha release) wallet: https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/tag/v1.4.0
Windows wallet: https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/tag/v1.3.0.1
addnode ip address for the wallet to sync faster, frequently updated conf file: https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/cheetah_cpumineblob/mastenewenglandcoin.conf-example
How to Sync Full Node Desktop Wallet https://www.reddit.com/NewEnglandCoin/comments/er6f0q/how_to_sync_full_node_desktop_wallet/
TWITTER https://twitter.com/newenglandcoin
REDDIT https://www.reddit.com/NewEnglandCoin/
Cheetah CPU Miner Software https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/cheetah_cpuminer
Solo Mining with GPU or ASIC https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg52187727#msg52187727
How to Run Two Full Node in Same Desktop PC https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg53581449#msg53581449
ASIC/GPU Mining Pools Warning to Big ASIC Miners Due to DynDiff Algo on top of Scrypt, solo mining is recommended for ASIC/GPU miners. Further more, even for mining pools, small mining pool will generate better performance than big NENG mining pool because of new algo v1.2.x post hard fork.
The set up configuration of NENG for scrypt pool mining is same as a typical normal scrypt coin. In other word, DynDiff on Scrypt algo is backward compatible with Scrypt algo. Because ASIC/GPU miners rely on CPU miners for smooth blockchain movement, checkout bottom of "Latest News" section for A WARNING to All ASIC miners before you decide to dump big ASIC hash rate into NENG mining.
(1) Original DynDiff Warning: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg48324708#msg48324708 (2) New Warning on RandomSpike Spike difficulty (244k) introduced in RandomSpike served as roadblocks to instant mining and provide security against 51% attack risk. However, this spike difficulty like a roadblock that makes big ASIC mining less profitable. In case of spike block to be mined, the spike difficulty immediately serve as base difficulty, which will block GPU/ASIC miners effectively and leave CPU cheetah solo miners dominating mining almost 100% until next base difficulty reset.
FindBlocks http://findblocks.com/
CRpool http://crpool.xyz/
Cminors' Pool http://newenglandcoin.cminors-pool.com/
SPOOL https://spools.online/
Features: anonymous sign up and trading. No restriction or limit on deposit or withdraw.
The trading pairs available: NewEnglandcoin (NENG) / Dogecoin (DOGE)
Trading commission: A round trip trading will incur 0.10% trading fees in average. Fees are paid only on buyer side. buy fee: 0.2% / sell fee: 0% Deposit fees: free for all coins Withdraw fees: ZERO per withdraw. Mining fees are appointed by each coin blockchain. To cover the blockchain mining fees, there is minimum balance per coin per account: * Dogecoin 2 DOGE * NewEnglandcoin 1 NENG
Latest News Aug 30, 2020 - NENG v1.4.0.5 Released for Android/Chromebook Upgrade with armhf, better hardware support https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg55098029#msg55098029
Aug 11, 2020 - NENG v1.4.0.4 Released for Android arm64 Upgrade / Chromebook Support https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54977437#msg54977437
Jul 30, 2020 - NENG v1.4.0.3 Released for Linux Wallet Upgrade with 8 Distros https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54898540#msg54898540
Jul 21, 2020 - NENG v1.4.0.2 Released for MacOS Upgrade with Catalina https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54839522#msg54839522
Jul 19, 2020 - NENG v1.4.0.1 Released for MacOS Wallet Upgrade https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54830333#msg54830333
Jul 15, 2020 - NENG v1.4.0 Released for Android Mining, Ubuntu 20.04 support https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54803639#msg54803639
Jul 11, 2020 - NENG v1.4.0 Android Mining, randomSpike Evaluation https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54777222#msg54777222
Jun 27, 2020 - Pre-Announce: NENG v1.4.0 Proposal for Mobile Miner Upgrade, Android Mining Start in July 2020 https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54694233#msg54694233
Jun 19, 2020 - Best Practice for Futurebit Moonlander2 USB ASIC on solo mining mode https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54645726#msg54645726
Mar 15, 2020 - Scrypt RandomSpike - NENG v1.3.0.1 Released for better wallet syncing https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54030923#msg54030923
Feb 23, 2020 - Scrypt RandomSpike - NENG Core v1.3.0 Relased, Hardfork on Mar 1 https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg53900926#msg53900926
Feb 1, 2020 - Scrypt RandomSpike Proposal Published- NENG 1.3.0 Hardfork https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg53735458#msg53735458
Jan 15, 2020 - NewEnglandcoin Dev Team Expanded with New Kickoff https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg53617358#msg53617358
Jan 12, 2020 - Explanation of Base Diff Reset and Effect of Supply https://www.reddit.com/NewEnglandCoin/comments/envmo1/explanation_of_base_diff_reset_and_effect_of/
Dec 19, 2019 - Shoreline_tradingbot version 1.0 is released https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5121953.msg53391184#msg53391184
Sept 1, 2019 - NewEnglandcoin (NENG) is Selected as Shoreline Tradingbot First Supported Coin https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg52331201#msg52331201
Aug 15, 2019 - Mining Update on Effect of Base Difficulty Reset, GPU vs ASIC https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg52169572#msg52169572
Jul 7, 2019 - CPU Mining on macOS Mojave is supported under latest Cheetah_Cpuminer Release https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg51745839#msg51745839
Jun 1, 2019 - NENG Fiat project is stopped by Square, Inc https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg51312291#msg51312291
Apr 21, 2019 - NENG Fiat Project is Launched by ShorelineCrypto https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg50714764#msg50714764
Apr 7, 2019 - Announcement of Fiat Project for all U.S. Residents & Mobile Miner Project Initiation https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg50506585#msg50506585
Apr 1, 2019 - Disclosure on Large Buying on NENG at ShorelineCrypto Exchange https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg50417196#msg50417196
Mar 27, 2019 - Disclosure on Large Buying on NENG at ShorelineCrypto Exchange https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg50332097#msg50332097
Mar 17, 2019 - Disclosure on Large Buying on NENG at ShorelineCrypto Exchange https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg50208194#msg50208194
Feb 26, 2019 - Community Project - NewEnglandcoin Graphic Redesign Bounty Initiated https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg49931305#msg49931305
Feb 22, 2019 - Dev Policy on Checkpoints on NewEnglandcoin https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg49875242#msg49875242
Feb 20, 2019 - NewEnglandCoin v1.2.1 Released to Secure the Hard Kork https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg49831059#msg49831059
Feb 11, 2019 - NewEnglandCoin v1.2.0 Released, Anti-51% Attack, Anti-instant Mining after Hard Fork https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg49685389#msg49685389
Jan 13, 2019 - Cheetah_CpuMiner added support for CPU Mining on Mac https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg49218760#msg49218760
Jan 12, 2019 - NENG Core v1.1.2 Released to support MacOS OSX Wallet https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg49202088#msg49202088
Jan 2, 2019 - Cheetah_Cpuminer v1.1.0 is released for both Linux and Windows https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg49004345#msg49004345
Dec 31, 2018 - Technical Whitepaper is Released https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg48990334#msg48990334
Dec 28, 2018 - Cheetah_Cpuminer v1.0.0 is released for Linux https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg48935135#msg48935135
Update on Dec 14, 2018 - NENG Blockchain Stuck Issue https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg48668375#msg48668375
Nov 27, 2018 - Exclusive for PC CPU Miners - How to Steal a Block from ASIC Miners https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg48258465#msg48258465
Nov 28, 2018 - How to CPU Mine a NENG block with window/linux PC https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg48298311#msg48298311
Nov 29, 2018 - A Warning to ASIC Miners https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg48324708#msg48324708
Disclosure: Dev Team Came from ShorelineCrypto, a US based Informatics Service Business offering Fee for service for Coin Creation, Coin Exchange Listing, Blockchain Consulting, etc.
submitted by honglu69 to NewEnglandCoin [link] [comments]

Zeus/Gaw ASIC Setup Guide for Linux/Raspberry Pi

So I recently I became quite interested in mining and cyptocurrencies in general. So interested in fact that I bit the bullet and decided to buy myself a GAW Fury.
I then spent some time doing research on how to set up a GAW or Zeus ASIC on Linux, in particular on a Raspberry Pi, and have found most guides to be awful. The reason they are so bad IMHO is that they assume quite a bit of prior knowledge, either with Linux or mining, and give very little instructions. So I have tried to put together a guide that requires very little prior knowledge.
It is my aim that anyone could get their shiny new asic up and mining in no time using this guide. Anyway, I present...

The Complete Noobs Guide to Setting Up a Zeus or Gaw ASIC on Debian/Ubuntu/Raspberry Pi


About Cyrptocurrencies and Their Jargon

If you are new to cryptocurrencies and how they work I suggest taking a look at this series of KhanAcademy videos. They are for Bitcoin but the theory is the same. I found them very helpful when it came to understanding what mining actually does and the mechanics of cyrptocurrencies.
Also take a look at sircamm22 his info found here, is great and breaks down a large number of concepts. I slightly disagree with no. 21 regarding preordering. Just exercise common sense.


If you are new to Linux you could follow along by simply typing in the commands. However I highly recommend taking the time to learn what you are doing. This course is a great place to start.

Computer Setup

By the end of this section you will have your device turned on, fully setup and connected to the internet with.
Note: Commands to be typed into the command line will be displayed like this:
echo Hello World


For laptops and desktops already running Ubuntu or Debian I will assume you have setup your internet setup as part of the installation.
If not: There are plenty of guides out there and the installation/setup process is very easy. A good place to start for Ubuntu is here.
Now open up a terminal window. Ctrl + alt + t on a standard Ubuntu installation.
If you plan on using this PC without a monitor I would suggest installing an SSH Server.
These commands will be discussed later on in the guide.
sudo apt-get -y install openssh-server
sudo service openssh-server start

Raspberry Pi

The Raspberry Pi Foundation has put together a great guide in PDF format.
Use NOOBS it will save you a lot of trouble. NB: Some SD cards don't support NOOBs but will work fine if the image is put on using a different method.
Here is a great guide for setting up the Raspberry Pi SD card from Elinux.org. In fact it's a great place to start for anything RPi related. Raspberry Pi hub at Elinux.
Once the SD card is setup you will need to insert it into the Raspberry Pi and boot. Install Raspbian from the NOOBs menu and wait.
Follow this guide by Adafruit for first time setup. You will need to enable SSH Server.
I suggest not starting the desktop on boot. It can be easily run from the command line by typing startx.
Follow this guide by Adafruit to setup your network. Found here. No need to do this if you set up previously in the first time config.
We will also at this point want to setup ssh. Again I will point you to an Adafruit guide.
Once done exit back to a standard command line interface. This can be done in LXDE by using the power off menu located in the bottom right corner.

Miner Setup

Installing BFGMiner

If you want to the Raspberry Pi or PC without a monitor go ahead and SSH into your device.
So now you should be staring at a command line interface whether on the device with a monitor or via SSH.
First things first lets make sure we are all up to date. This will update our package list from the repositories and upgrade them to the newest version. "-y" Will simply say yes to any prompts.
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get -y upgrade
We are going to need to install some useful tools. Git-core is how we will clone and download BFGMiner from GitHub and Screen allows multiple command line instances and means if we exit out of ssh session or quit Terminal on Ubuntu, BFGMiner will continue to run.
sudo apt-get install git-core screen
We also need to download some other tools/dependencies to ensure that BFGMiner will compile successfully.
sudo apt-get -y install build-essential autoconf automake libtool pkg-config libcurl4-gnutls-dev libjansson-dev uthash-dev libncursesw5-dev libudev-dev libusb-1.0-0-dev libevent-dev libmicrohttpd-dev libc-bin
Ok now change into your home directory.
cd ~
And clone BFGMiner by Darkwinde.
git clone https://github.com/Darkwinde/bfgminer.git
Once the download has completed move into the bfgminer directory.
cd bfgminer
The following steps may take a while.
Now run autogen.sh
sudo ./autogen.sh
You will need to make the configure script execuitable.
sudo chmod +x ./configure
Now configure bfgminer
sudo ./configure CFLAGS="-O3" --enable-scrypt
Now lets make!
sudo make
Install BFGMiner
sudo make install
One more thing...
sudo ldconfig

Running BFGMiner

If you haven't already plug in your ASIC.
Just confirm your system is recognising the ASIC.
Its output should look similar to this (no need to type this in):
Bus 001 Device 005: ID 10c4:ea60 Cygnal Integrated Products, Inc. CP210x UART Bridge / myAVR mySmartUSB light
Yep there it is our ASIC listed as device 005. There is no need to install any drivers, unlike in windows, as they come in the kernel.
Now lets actually start BFGMiner.
You will want to start a screen session to ensure BFGMiner doesn't quite when you exit.
"-S" is the option for starting a new screen session. You can replace "miner" with anything you like.
screen -S miner
Now you can run the commands below.
Here is a sample of what you should type. You will need to replace somethings with your own values.
sudo bfgminer --scrypt -o stratum+tcp://URL:PORT -u USERNAME -p PASSWORD --zeus-cc CHIPCOUNT --zeus-clk 328 -S zeus:/dev/ttyUSB0
URL:PORT is the address and port of the pool you wih to use. Now I won't suggest a pool. I will leave that decision up to you. If you do wish to mine DOGE take a look at this site for a list of pools and comparisons.
USERNAME this is the username you use on the pool. Every pool is different. Check your pool's website for details. PASSWORD same as above. Specific to your pool, not every pool requires one.
CHIPCOUNT this is specific to which ASIC you are using.
For GAWMiner ASIC's:
  • War Machine: 256
  • Falcon: 128
  • Black Widow: 64
  • Fury: 6
For ZeusMiner ASIC's:
  • Blizzard: 6
  • Cyclone: 96
  • Hurricane X2: 48
  • Hurricane X3: 64
  • Thunder X2: 96
  • Thunder X3: 128
Now to make sure you don't stop mining when you exit ssh or terminal. Press:
ctrl + a + d
To come back to the BFGMiner screen simply run:
screen -r miner
You're done!!

Start on Boot

First off you will want to make sure you have BFGMiner running correctly. Ensure you have the miners set up properly and your pool correctly configured.
Start a BFGMiner instance, detailed above.
Once the instance has started and you are happy with how everything is working press "s" on your keyboard to enter the settings menu.
Now press the "w" key. Don't press enter. We want to specify where our config will go. Type:
Substitute USERNAME for your user. On a standard RPI install its pi. On ubuntu it's what you set during the instillation.
Now press the enter key to return back to the main BFGMiner screen. Press "q" on your keyboard to exit BFGMiner. You should now be back in the command line.
Now we want to edit a file called rc.local. Any commands in this file will be executed on boot.
sudo nano /etc/rc.local
Depending on your system this file may already contain some commands. Be careful not to delete them.
After the last command and before "exit 0" type the following on one line:
sudo -u USERNAME screen -d -m sudo bfgminer --config /home/USERNAME/bfgminer.conf
Where USERNAME = your username
Hit ctrl + x then y to save and exit nano.
The above command will create a new screen session and run bfgminer using the config we created earlier. All while as our username so that we can easily reattach.
Lets reboot to ensure it is working correctly:
sudo reboot
Once rebooted and logged in, show all running screen sessions:
screen -ls
Reattach to the session. You only need to use the numbers before the first dot.
e.g Mine looks like: 2480..hostname (13/07/14 12:02:09) (Detached). So I type:
screen -r 2480
Verify everything worked as expected. Then ctrl + a + d to exit.
You have now setup BFGMiner to restart on reboot.

Power Failure

If you are using a Raspberry Pi and it loses power it will automatically reboot on receiving power again.
For standard desktop PCs there is an option in some BIOS/UEFI to turn the computer on when it receives power. Consult your motherboard's manual and manufacturer's website.


Here is where I got my info from.
And of course /dogemining

Wrap Up

Congrats you've done it. You have managed to successfully get your shiny new asic mining away.
I do plan to make another guide detailing how to setup and use StarMiner a ready to go RPi mining distro.
So I hope this is helpful for you guys. I have seen lots of posts asking the exact same questions again and again and I have tried to answer these as best I can. I am still learning about this stuff so if there is something I have missed or a mistake I have made please tell me.
Anyway good luck. And I'll see you at the moon.
Cheers Frogsiedoodle
Edit 1: Layout and formatting.
Edit 2: Added instructions for screen which I initially forgot.
Edit 3: Removed 1 unneeded dependency
Edit 4: Added section on start on reboot and power failure.
submitted by Frogsiedoodle to dogemining [link] [comments]

Linux headless setup

I'm setting up a mining rig using 3-7950's, and have ran into a little bit of a road block. I've seen a few guides using xubuntu 12.10, but none with xubuntu 13.04.
darth_bunny's guide
cryptobadger's guide
gentoo (bitcoin)
I've tried the first 2 ways on fresh images, but for some reason X never starts...
aticonfig --adapter=0 --od-getclocks ERROR - X needs to be running to perform AMD Overdrive(TM) commands 
Following the darth_bunny's guide way I built to 13.04 instead of 12.10
./amd-driver-installer-catalyst-13.3-beta3-linux-x86.x86_64.run --buildpkg Ubuntu/raring 
On a side note, whenever I plug the ATI cards in, video (connected to onboard), does not output. I'm guessing this is because the ATI cards are primary? It didn't bother me as I ssh in anyway.
I also have some missing lib's when trying to run cgminer, but that is something to worry about later.
Has anyone solved this on 13.04, or should I just downgrade to 12.10?
submitted by atrueresistance to litecoinmining [link] [comments]

Comprehensive guide to safely browse the SilkRoad

First of all, I'm no security expert. The following guide will be nothing but technical instructions to securing your machine to make digital information storage and transmission secure.
Your security is divided in 3 parts. Also remember your security (as in lowering chances to get caught) is only as strong and your weakest link. Those 3 parts are :
a) Money
You can (and will) get caught if you aren't careful with how you move money. Banks and LE work hand-in-hand to trace money. I won't cover that aspect but you need a bulletproof way of buying (if you are a buyer) and/or selling (if you are a seller) your bitcoins.
b) Drugs
Yes, you'll get caught if you don't handle drugs in a secure fashion, ldo. It includes shipping, stealthing, receiving packages, storing. You get the idea.
c) Information
Here is the part I'll develop in this guide. How to handle information (mostly digital information) to not get caught and be as stealthy as possible.
All the following softwares are :
1) Free - you don't have (and shouldn't, as sad as it sounds for security reasons) to pay anything to fully use them
2) Open source - Anyone with knowledge can see what the programs are made of. Def a security plus.
We will need (In order of use) :
a) a good anti-virus
Before even starting the job, we need to make sure we're working in a safe environnement. If you have a keylogger installed on your computer then all futur steps will be for NOTHING. So if you don't have an updated AV installed yet, get one. I personally use AVG. Here is the link but it's recommended you search it yourself using google, after all, I could be a hacker myself.
b) a password manager
You'll need to save at least 5 complex passwords. I strongly recommend using a password manager (with passwords creation) such as KeePass. It's multi plateform (windows/linux/android).
c) TrueCrypt
Very powerful piece of software which allows you to encrypt files/folder or even full system partition using bulletproof algorythm such as AES.
d) VirtualBox
Very powerful software which allows you to run a completely autonom virtual machine inside your physical machine.
e) Ubuntu 13.04
Free OS. Very safe. Not so user friendly but you'll only use it to browse SilkRoad and use PGP (more on that later).
d) Tor Browser Bundle (TBB)
A package of pre-configured software to use TOR. Awesome.
I assume you already installed the antivirus and ran a minutious scan on your system. Your system was clean already ? Great, you can read what's next.
So first, we want to create an encrypted folder so that we can install a complete different OS in it. It'll be 100% safe and impossible (without the passphrase ldo) to know what it is you are putting in the folder.
a) Click on "Create Volume"
b) Select "Create an encrypted file container"
c) Select "Standard TrueCrypt volume"
note : Do your research on which option you want to use.
d) For Volume Location, select where you want to save the file. Type in a random name and click "save" then "Next" !! Note : You can select a USB pendrive (with at least 10GB and USB 3.0 strongly recommended) so that you have a portable, encrypted OS. Very useful since that you can physically hide it from LE in case of a search at your place) !!
e) Encryption Options
I advise to use AES. The technology is old which, in security, is a good thing since it means it has been tested by many security experts. I don't know about Hash Algorithm. I think I use RIPEMD-160 but it's up to you to do your godamn research on which option you want to use.
f) Volume Size
Pick at least 10gb, (no more than 15GB really). Note : TrueCrypt will encrypt the whole 10GB no matter what it is you put in, even empty space. So consider the number you type in (10GB here) as gone once you click "Next".
g) Volume Password
Open KeePass (!!!!!!!! with a strong masterpassword !!!!!!!!) and generate a random passphrase using at least 15 (25+ advised) characters (with lowercase, uppercase, numbers, symbols, space everything checked). Save it carefully, and copy paste it twice in TryeCrypt.
h) Large Files
Select "Yes"
i) Volume Format
Move your mouse randomly (to create randomness in the Key) a few seconds then click "Format", wait.
Congratulation, you now are the owner of an encrypted file container.
First, you need to mount the encrypted folder you just created. For this, open TrueCrypt, and click on random letter (remember it and always use the same to avoid corruption). I personally use R: (don't ask me why, I guess I used it the first time and it stuck). Then, click on "Select File" and browse to your newly created folder, click on "Open". Then, click on "Mount", it'll ask for your passphrase. Open it with KeePass and copy past it. Click "OK". If everything went well, you can know access your encrypted folder using Windows Explorer in computer. Truecrypt created a virtual partition.
Okay, so now, off to creating a Virtual Machine. You must have downloaded Ubuntu 13.04 (700MO or so). Good, save the .iso file somwhere.
a) Open VirtualBox, click on "New". In name, type in Ubuntu, it'll automatically select the type and version needed. Click "Next".
b) Memory Size. It's the amount of RAM you want to allocate to your virtual machine. I personally have 12GB of RAM and I allocated 4096MO to my VM (virtual machine). Note : Consider that the amount of RAM you give to your VM gone from your physical machine. Even if you don't run anything on your VM, the amount given (4096MO) won't be usable by your physical machine until you shutdown your VM. Click "Next".
c) Hard-Drive. Select "Create a virtual hard drive now", click "Create".
d) Type of hard drive file Select "VDI (Image disk VirtualBox)" Click "Next".
e) Select "Fixed Size", click "Next".
f) File location and size For location, click the yellow folder and go to the letter you mounted the file in TrueCrypt (for me R:\the-name-of-your-VM.vdi) In size, pick whatever the amount of GB you allocated to the crypted folder MINUS 1.5GB. !! Note : very important. For exemple, if your crypted folder is 10GB, you must pick 8,50 Gio. !! Click "Create" and wait a minute or two for VBox to create your VM.
Here are the settings I use for my SilkRoad Machine.
To access settings, in VirtualBox, select your newly created VM and click "Configuration". Go to the onglet "System" => "Proc", select a reasonnable Value (where the green and red meets is generally ok). Type in 90% in allocated ressources. Go to the onglet "Display" => "Video", select a reasonnable Value (where the green and red meets is generally ok). Number of screen, 1 by default. You can use more screens if you have more than one. Vbox supports it beautifully. Click "OK".
a) Open VBox, select your virtual machine in the left and click "Start" at the top. You now are running your virtual machine.
Now you must install Linux on it. A window will pop up and ask you to select a booting disk. Click the yellow folder and browse to the Ubuntu.iso file you previously downloaded. Click on "Start".
You VM will now boot using Ubuntu. Install it, check "Download updated while installing", leave everything else as is.
Select "Erase disk and install Ubuntu". File in the settings needed. In name, type whatever you want (note : I usually just type in the same letter I used to mount the folder with TrueCrypt). Pick a password (a new fresh password, that one isn't necessarily important but make sure you remember it). Select "Require my password to log in", you don't mind extra lawyers of security. Click "Continue". Now, wait, the installation can take up to an hour or two.
When done, click on "Restart Now". When rebooting, you will be asked to if you want to boot using the installation, DON'T anything and wait. Now you have a beautiful orange/purple page asking you for your password. Type in the password you wrote during the installation process and press Enter. Welcome to Ubuntu.
b) You need to setup a few things.
First, you can go fullscreen pressing Right CTRL + F (the CTRL next to the arrows on the right of your keyboard). Better, right ?
You'll notice those black borders onto the sides. That's ugly and bad for your eyes. To remediate, you need to install a pack of drivers especially made for Virtual machines.
To do so, put your cursor to the very bottom center of your screen (if you are in fullscreen mode, else you have access to the options at the very top of the window). Click on "Peripheric", Click on "Install Guest Additions". An autorun window will open up, select "Run Software" and click "OK". Enter your Ubuntu password. Click "Authenticate". An ugly purple window will open with ugly white characters, it's the terminal. We'll use it later for different stuff. Wait a minute or two until you have the terminal says this "Press Return to close this window...". Press Return on your keyboard (above Enter) to close the window, ldo.
Reboot the virtual machine by going to the very top right of your screen. Now to go the options, on the left, you'll see a dock of icons, click the Gear with the Red hammer or whatever you call it in english (I know it's not a hammer). Double click on "Displays", pick your favorite resolution. Click "Apply" then "Keep that resolution". Much better, cierto ?
You will notice the OS seems slow and laggy, even more so if you installed your VM on a USB pendrive. To remediate, follow those steps.
Run the terminal (push ALT + F2 and type in "Terminal", double click to open it. Copy past that command :
/uslib/nux/unity_support_test -p
The following should appear :
Not software rendered: no
Not blacklisted: yes
GLX fbconfig: yes
GLX texture from pixmap: yes
GL npot or rect textures: yes
GL vertex program: yes
GL fragment program: yes
GL vertex buffer object: yes
GL framebuffer object: yes
GL version is 1.4+: yes
Unity 3D supported: no
As you can see, 3D acceleration isn't activated. To activate it, return to terminal and copy past that command, enter password when asked. When "asked to continue [Y/n] ?", type in Y then press enter.
sudo bash -c 'echo vboxvideo >> /etc/modules'
Shutdown the virtual machine (you can do it manually inside the VM or press Right CTRL + Q and select "Send extinction signal".
Go back to VirtualBox and go to configuration => display. Check Activate 3D acceleration.
Boot your VM, open terminal and type
/uslib/nux/unity_support_test -p
You should now see that Unity 3D is supported and your OS is fluid. Don't expect native performances tho, it's still an emulated OS.
Run your VM. Open a firefox window and go to https://www.torproject.org/projects/torbrowser.html.en
Select the Linux version and download it. Close Firefox. We want to use that machine on the clearweb as little as possible.
Unpack (or drag&drop) the tor-browser_en-US folder in the folder "Home" or desktop or whervere you want.
Open the folder and double click on "start-tor-browser". It will open a weird text editor with gibberish stuff in it. Close it. We need to activate an option first.
Push ALT, in that window, type "dconf-editor" and press Enter. In dconfg-editor go to: org => gnome => nautilus =>preferences Click on "executable-text-activation" and from drop down menu select: "launch: to launch scripts as programs." Close dconf-editor.
You can now launch TOR. and browse anonymously the road. I strongly advise you to install KeePass for linux by going to Ubuntu Software Center to save passwords for Silkroad as well as your PGP passphrase.
PGP is a powerful protocal that allows you to encrypt and decrypt messages and files. It has been used for over 15 years and is the standard all over the world for industry and governement communications.
So first, we must create our own set of keys.
A) Creating your own keys
To do so, open the terminal and type GPG. It will reply :
gpg: Go ahead and type your message ...
Ok, you've got GPG installed already, perfect.
To create your key, type :
gpg --gen-key
Type 1 then hit Enter
You'll be asked to chose between 1024 and 4096 bits. Chose 4096 (the most secure), hit Enter.
Next window, type 0, press Enter, then type Y, press Enter.
You are now asked to enter your name, it's important you don't type in your Real Name obviously but it's also important to chose something that identifies you. I chose my Silkroad name so that my contacts know the key is mine.
Email adress : [email protected] or whatever you want, shouldn't be real.
Comment : none, press Enter
Type in "O" to confirm, press Enter
Enter passphrase, very important to chose something very secure. As usual, open up KeePass and generate a strong passphrase, there is no limitation AFAIK.
Then you'll be asked to do random stuff on your computer to generate bytes to ensure randomness in your key pool. Do stuff, open a random file and type in stuff for exemple. Once it's done (it can take a few minutes), you now have your own set of keys.
What we want to do know is to export the public key so that you can share it with your sellers/buyers.
Type :
gpg --armor --export your-email-adress-used-before
Copy paste the public key in a .txt file on your desktop and share it whenever you buy/sell.
B) Importing a public key
To send a message to someone, you must important its key. To do so, create a document and copy paste the key there, close & save it.
Now, open seahorse (hit ALT and type in Seahorse, open the program called "Passwords and keys".
Put your cursor in the very top left of your screen and click file => import, select the file you saved the key in. Done.
C) Encrypting a message
Open the terminal and type :
gpg -ear name-or-email-of-your-contact < Press Enter Type your message
Press Enter, finish by typing "end" and press Enter again.
You'll have your encrypted message. Something that looks like that :
-----BEGIN PGP MESSAGE----- Version: GnuPG v1.4.12 (GNU/Linux)
hQIMA7eD31/5BBRZAQ/9Hq1r1gpOIf2r06zSIL8Ww0tUCC9PlNiMpemPwhpZsccB vO4MOMrnV41BHToTQNfh0xiZdXFxO/T6ow4oatP2Ap/BvZtipcAAjJKowP6aaTOJ Wgd7nC4FTJvRUjgkW/p3imlQsdTVb3+2dNzCPp0yrr8NocW77+4Ka/+4aoql0UmI 3mKLjo0+eof8qAnQd5jOaAcWTszhIwBd99rXVbRCjNa/jMsSQ9Vnn7L+WqYGHuAI MMdOCU3peifV/7zA6A0bMKzStWc1JIa84wus91/mmErkRcNZHqThCje8eulinzRm RthaH0yi7ty65F3IuSqbq/qdpdE9UXvwjySbFE7ANCPpnkP4jv+oL95UezyjbO2x ra1Il7XKbYvaf0oXJAz5xKsLfeHKB3kCR+Kxzt9NmdRZ4rPZ4ZjSN5WI9YeOL0t/ W7oaCyBcFD/6/m/63VNYZTrwrqBGqsWhXVFpoHalvd+09CffsdQjwDIMy9u3TtRk j+FDSGuukKrS/7exWSoajSDhTK+koSS8CIFvyocZ81EkGhnUjd4kxlIAu4UCXmG6 LiJXXo7X5PK7knGtlzZXstrtrrttr8FFeAbSHsZ0+ihdxtNSvx1EPewl TtLSKoUT9ickUrxFoPm2z1vqBwN/087EaCU6BSX8uwZ8GrxMwSKgVmQKfVyfgMDS RAGGtmuRwgfyhthrertwF0KV8nTajDnSqoGiMAgK7y+e320OEFnYXOKIXlue l7FvOHwi9jZbBAR4HHAfhgJIj78P =OT60 -----END PGP MESSAGE-----
You can now send the encrypted message to your contact.
D) Decrypting messages
Open the terminal and type :
gpg -da < Press enter, then copy paste the message you received. Press Enter, finish by tiping end then press Enter again.
You will be asked to enter the passphrase to decrypt it. Open KeePass and copy paste it. The result will be like this :
You need a passphrase to unlock the secret key for user: "abcd [email protected]" 4096-bit RSA key, ID xx, created 2013-05-08 (main key ID xxx)
gpg: encrypted with 4096-bit RSA key, ID xxx, created 2013-05-08 "abcd [email protected]" ENCRYPTED MESSAGE TO THE SILK ROAD HERE
You can now safely converse with your vendors.
I hope everything worked well. Finally, the most important security advice someone can give is to use your brain. Don't do anything stupid and you should be fine.
Feel free to discuss issues you may have encontered here or by PM, I'll gladly help you getting setup.
Remember also that your security is only as good as your contacts security. For exemple, if your seller is stupid and keeps detailed informations of his buyers on file, then there isn't much you can do in case he gets caught.
I could have sold this tutorial but I chose not to because my personnal security is guaranteed only if yours is aswell. You get my point.
-----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK----- Version: GnuPG v1.4.12 (GNU/Linux)
mQENBFGIAIUBCAC75V2SJ50dU6+gUY7jdrHxJKmdjXjlOxWjE+CTuti+Pq8NveTK aPXWHmFZpsEtW+v7tHmPPT/cjEKlmo/B9Wxl9daFis+6gFQHnaKNRCFVmOSt9GL8 7qBxrxC/HZTeBgdE8dWf4RPSc911PRb2+iCCrdgj+5ILwp3fcM5EHoRqKiFDpb3A fybrw3prvpPx8dyt1H/p73S6Gfk+Iuwcq2+iIAMJUJQUc+CwMFFCplQ1BUeiD+nn 5o24FXF9Krcbw8w5lZCfPVPSh0GYTvNMaj1VWjEQFU4j0rCOiJ+UVckpgJ4MRrxI MbKJ8srGLSJRnCHM2syQC0Zq/2iwRuZY7zWXABEBAAG0EVdoYXRzdXA1NiA8YUBi LmM+iQE4BBMBAgAiBQJRiACFAhsDBgsJCAcDAgYVCAIJCgsEFgIDAQIeAQIXgAAK CRBioWhoc3JRsCrhB/9M2AptCTjyitpQR1ZnqwFop/NDdOIY1DtERkyQKfbHftzK 5I/LI3wxP5rhts2NY/EMVl8ziJVZ7h0J9japkoia8uOYX9Un6aMasHM0PH7Mln2K 936BeoZDQbPQV8NOCyNT4lMNt7Ajd+6GJcmAIduPmUi6xjgge716MhQlTBg5HG 94ZJT3Xm7W9tuIiJh8H9Dkr60F9UuwtIPfKPEeXyxUI25fZAQ+nyVz39ap2fjyeW EYMB6y90zxWjFPiFfpx+BfcWOmzHaXkps/bG6kSbOcVn9UJS32C0JyIFmfa96N6H +tSmk+WW98u5dSBzhIoYYiXxWPihJDOjTCUYkFC9uQENBFGIAIUBCADrkKs31LOL 4MQ6fdzhw2MvTI8zDad2bJZCd/+Gf8yGTNKhagJIHo8KEuCDINydQXHCt+aNKZZ7 d/QG09nABaybZJfqf1ffOiD5L1PivcKJMdJNozNuIhWxc4E35A7c/wCPJdDOBV0v eqf57illUo+yz7CKfyO088BYMGTrBRi/ifqmPyMuYzzC4SZcx1MJFU1mzONYU1r0 ZYj0eeKdRrbHPfJUAWQUr6MteMvJp5g8JfyYC+Th+zASEYRRfs3I52rsLb1hpxoi 87xUK89xoXdg4uLysz1Iy/PhGjmtbi61sZCv1oh+o9biNsy9zIjqwhCW7oMPwmJ6 Szh2nNTMCuNFABEBAAGJAR8EGAECAAkFAlGIAIUCGwwACgkQYqFoaHNyUbBKWAf5 AbYVbQVRNYVw5pR6+NDLw1qxlafGz/7j6YnApif0vuVzBEE9aFOUdxfKyIy+Ka8l NYjoAItym2mDTsRZqJwEm1FPbmVFu7WPAnnmn1ECyHBSV0vnJjCL5qkoMx9d/EHs WBW7htnRVtbuJEzVZzzSfddjWEYXGqYcqocebBwQpNgdfuQrHadAbkSmDwLfz+KD r17m1i9sUej8hiFLr64XGau7nl2l+iRMR2vTcVpNZDTJa/t4JlrwMINR95ORo3ze bRVKbedZIn3ifeSzyWDTsScvkNVAe4dovATaHWU/+tkNgL4ECI1UNS8XYsGqWe+r pbfj19eRRPAc4lbNfLlUKQ== =aq6t -----END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----
edit : Fixed a few typos.Reorganized chapters using roman letters.
submitted by MUST-BE-ANONYMOUS to SilkRoad [link] [comments]

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