VIP - isRusty.net

NEAR PROJECT REPORT

NEAR PROJECT REPORT
Author: Gamals Ahmed, CoinEx Business Ambassador
https://preview.redd.it/xbnvecjn71t51.png?width=1164&format=png&auto=webp&s=acfd141ead035ee156f218eec9fc41288142a922

ABSTRACT

The effects of the web by a number of companies have seduced a large number of users as these companies keep their data to prevent them from searching for alternatives. Likewise, these huge platforms have attracted applications to build their highest ecosystems before either severing access or actively opposing their interests when the applications became so successful. As a result, these walled gardens have effectively hindered innovation and monopolized large sections of the web. After the emergence of blockchain technology and decentralized cryptocurrencies, the need for applications to support decentralization has emerged. Several blockchain-based companies, applications and platforms have appeared in decentralization. In this research report, we will explain the approach adopted by the NEAR decentralization platform in designing and implementing the basic technology for its system. Near is a basic platform for cloud computing and decentralized storage managed by the community, designed to enable the open web for the future. On this web, everything can be created from new currencies to new applications to new industries, opening the door to an entirely new future.

1. INTRODUCTION

The richness of the web is increasing day by day with the combined efforts of millions of people who have benefited from “innovation without permission” as content and applications are created without asking anyone. this lack of freedom of data has led to an environment hostile to the interests of its participants. And as we explained in the summary previously, web hosting companies have hindered innovation and greatly monopolized the web.
In the future, we can fix this by using new technologies to re-enable the permissionless innovation of the past in a way, which creates a more open web where users are free and applications are supportive rather than adversarial to their interests.
Decentralization emerged after the global financial crisis in 2008, which created fundamental problems of confidence in the heavily indebted banking system. Then the decentralized financial sector based on Blockchain technology has emerged since 2009.
Decentralized Blockchain technology has made it easy for decentralized digital currencies like Bitcoin to exchange billions of dollars in peer-to-peer transfers for a fraction of the price of a traditional banking system. This technology allows participants in the over $ 50 billion virtual goods economy to track, own and trade in these commodities without permission. It allows real-world goods to cross into the digital domain, with verified ownership and tracking just like that of the digital.
By default, the Internet where freedom of data enables innovation will lead to the development of a new form of software development. On this web, developers can quickly create applications from open state components and boost their efforts by using new business models that are enabled from within the program itself rather than relying on parasitic relationships with their users. This not only accelerates the creation of applications that have a more honest and cooperative relationship with its users, but also allows the emergence of completely new business built on them.
To enable these new applications and the open web, it needs the appropriate infrastructure. The new web platform cannot be controlled by a single entity and its use is not limited due to insufficient scalability. It should be decentralized in design like the web itself and supported by a community of distributors widely so that the value they store cannot be monitored, modified or removed without permission from the users who store this value on their behalf.
A new decentralization technology (Blockchain), which has facilitated decentralized digital currencies like Bitcoin, has made billions of dollars in peer-to-peer transfers at a fraction of the price of the traditional banking system. This technology allows participants in the $ 50 billion + virtual goods economy to track, own and trade in these goods without permission. It allows real-world goods to cross into the digital domain, with verified ownership and tracking just like that of the digital.
Although the cost of storing data or performing a calculation on the Ethereum blockchain is thousands and millions of times higher than the cost of performing the same functionality on Amazon Web Services. A developer can always create a “central” app or even a central currency for a fraction of the cost of doing the same on a decentralized platform because a decentralized platform, by definition, will have many iterations in its operations and storage.
Bitcoin can be thought of as the first, very basic, version of this global community-run cloud, though it is primarily used only to store and move the Bitcoin digital currency.
Ethereum is the second and slightly more sophisticated version, which expanded the basic principles of Bitcoin to create a more general computing and storage platform, though it is a raw technology, which hasn’t achieved meaningful mainstream adoption.

1.1 WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO PAY THE EXTRA COST TO SUPPORT DECENTRALIZATION?

Because some elements of value, for example bits representing digital currency ownership, personal identity, or asset notes, are very sensitive. While in the central system, the following players can change the value of any credits they come into direct contact with:
  1. The developer who controls the release or update of the application’s code
  2. The platform where the data is stored
  3. The servers which run the application’s code
Even if none of these players intend to operate with bad faith, the actions of governments, police forces and hackers can easily turn their hands against their users and censor, modify or steal the balances they are supposed to protect.
A typical user will trust a typical centralized application, despite its potential vulnerabilities, with everyday data and computation. Typically, only banks and governments are trusted sufficiently to maintain custody of the most sensitive information — balances of wealth and identity. But these entities are also subject to the very human forces of hubris, corruption and theft.
Especially after the 2008 global financial crisis, which demonstrated the fundamental problems of confidence in a highly indebted banking system. And governments around the
world apply significant capital controls to citizens during times of crisis. After these examples, it has become a truism that hackers now own most or all of your sensitive data.
These decentralized applications operate on a more complex infrastructure than today’s web but they have access to an instantaneous and global pool of currency, value and information that today’s web, where data is stored in the silos of individual corporations, cannot provide.

1.2 THE CHALLENGES OF CREATING A DECENTRALIZED CLOUD

A community-run system like this has very different challenges from centralized “cloud” infrastructure, which is running by a single entity or group of known entities. For example:
  1. It must be both inclusive to anyone and secure from manipulation or capture.
  2. Participants must be fairly compensated for their work while avoiding creating incentives for negligent or malicious behavior.
  3. It must be both game theoretically secure so good actors find the right equilibrium and resistant to manipulation so bad actors are actively prevented from negatively affecting the system.

2. NEAR

NEAR is a global community-run computing and storage cloud which is organized to be permissionless and which is economically incentivized to create a strong and decentralized data layer for the new web.
Essentially, it is a platform for running applications which have access to a shared — and secure — pool of money, identity and data which is owned by their users. More technically, it combines the features of partition-resistant networking, serverless compute and distributed storage into a new kind of platform.
NEAR is a community-managed, decentralized cloud storage and computing platform, designed to enable the open web in the future. It uses the same core technology for Bitcoin and Blockchain. On this web, everything can be created from new currencies to new applications to new industries, opening the door to an entirely new future.
NEAR is a decentralized community-run cloud computing and storage platform, which is designed to enable the open web of the future. On this web, everything from new currencies to new applications to new industries can be created, opening the door to a brand new future.
NEAR is a scalable computing and storage platform with the potential to change how systems are designed, how applications are built and how the web itself works.
It is a complex technology allow developers and entrepreneurs to easily and sustainably build applications which reap the benefits of decentralization and participate in the Open Web while minimizing the associated costs for end users.
NEAR creates the only community-managed cloud that is strong enough to power the future of the open web, as NEAR is designed from the ground up to deliver intuitive experiences to
end users, expand capacity across millions of devices, and provide developers with new and sustainable business models for their applications.
The NEAR Platform uses a token — also called “NEAR”. This token allows the users of these cloud resources, regardless of where they are in the world, to fairly compensate the providers of the services and to ensure that these participants operate in good faith.

2.1 WHY NEAR?

Through focus, we find that Platforms based on blockchain technologies like Bitcoin and Ethereum have made great progress and enriched the world with thousands of innovative applications spanning from games to decentralized financing.
However, these original networks and none of the networks that followed were not able to bridge the gap towards mainstream adoption of the applications created above them and do not provide this type of standard that fully supports the web.
This is a result of two key factors:
  1. System design
  2. Organization design
System design is relevant because the technical architecture of other platforms creates substantial problems with both usability and scalability which have made adoption nearly impossible by any but the most technical innovators. End-users experience 97–99% dropoff rates when using applications and developers find the process of creating and maintaining their applications endlessly frustrating.
Fixing these problems requires substantial and complex changes to current protocol architectures, something which existing organizations haven’t proven capable of implementing. Instead, they create multi-year backlogs of specification design and implementation, which result in their technology falling further and further behind.
NEAR’s platform and organization are architected specifically to solve the above-mentioned problems. The technical design is fanatically focused on creating the world’s most usable and scalable decentralized platform so global-scale applications can achieve real adoption. The organization and governance structure are designed to rapidly ship and continuously evolve the protocol so it will never become obsolete.

2.1.1 Features, which address these problems:

1. USABILITY FIRST
The most important problem that needs to be addressed is how to allow developers to create useful applications that users can use easily and that will capture the sustainable value of these developers.
2. End-User Usability
Developers will only build applications, which their end users can actually use. NEAR’s “progressive security” model allows developers to create experiences for their users which more closely resemble familiar web experiences by delaying onboarding, removing the need for user to learn “blockchain” concepts and limiting the number of permission-asking interactions the user must have to use the application.
1. Simple Onboarding: NEAR allows developers to take actions on behalf of their users, which allows them to onboard users without requiring these users to provide a wallet or interact with tokens immediately upon reaching an application. Because accounts keep track of application-specific keys, user accounts can also be used for the kind of “Single Sign On” (SSO) functionality that users are familiar with from the traditional web (eg “Login with Facebook/Google/Github/etc”).
2. Easy Subscriptions: Contract-based accounts allow for easy creation of subscriptions and custom permissioning for particular applications.
3. Familiar Usage Styles: The NEAR economic model allows developers to pay for usage on behalf of their users in order to hide the costs of infrastructure in a way that is in line with familiar web usage paradigms.
4. Predictable Pricing: NEAR prices transactions on the platform in simple terms, which allow end-users to experience predictable pricing and less cognitive load when using the platform.

2.1.2 Design principles and development NEAR’s platform

1. Usability: Applications deployed to the platform should be seamless to use for end users and seamless to create for developers. Wherever possible, the underlying technology itself should fade to the background or be hidden completely from end users. Wherever possible, developers should use familiar languages and patterns during the development process. Basic applications should be intuitive and simple to create while applications that are more robust should still be secure.
2. Scalability: The platform should scale with no upper limit as long as there is economic justification for doing so in order to support enterprise-grade, globally used applications.
3. Sustainable Decentralization: The platform should encourage significant decentralization in both the short term and the long term in order to properly secure the value it hosts. The platform — and community — should be widely and permissionlessly inclusive and actively encourage decentralization and participation. To maintain sustainability, both technological and community governance mechanisms should allow for practical iteration while avoiding capture by any single parties in the end.
4. Simplicity: The design of each of the system’s components should be as simple as possible in order to achieve their primary purpose. Optimize for simplicity, pragmatism and ease of understanding above theoretical perfection.

2.2 HOW NEAR WORKS?

NEAR’s platform provides a community-operated cloud infrastructure for deploying and running decentralized applications. It combines the features of a decentralized database with others of a serverless compute platform. The token, which allows this platform to run also, enables applications built on top of it to interact with each other in new ways. Together, these features allow developers to create censorship resistant back-ends for applications that deal with high stakes data like money, identity, assets, and open-state components, which interact seamlessly with each other. These application back-ends and components are called “smart contracts,” though we will often refer to these all as simply “applications” here.
The infrastructure, which makes up this cloud, is created from a potentially infinite number of “nodes” run by individuals around the world who offer portions of their CPU and hard drive space — whether on their laptops or more professionally deployed servers. Developers write smart contracts and deploy them to this cloud as if they were deploying to a single server, which is a process that feels very similar to how applications are deployed to existing centralized clouds.
Once the developer has deployed an application, called a “smart contract”, and marked it unchangeable (“immutable”), the application will now run for as long as at least a handful of members of the NEAR community continue to exist. When end users interact with that deployed application, they will generally do so through a familiar web or mobile interface just like any one of a million apps today.
In the central cloud hosted by some companies today like: Amazon or Google, developers pay for their apps every month based on the amount of usage needed, for example based on the number of requests created by users visiting their webpages. The NEAR platform similarly requires that either users or developers provide compensation for their usage to the community operators of this infrastructure. Like today’s cloud infrastructure, NEAR prices usage based on easy to understand metrics that aren’t heavily influenced by factors like system congestion. Such factors make it very complicated for developers on alternative blockchain-based systems today.
In the centralized cloud, the controlling corporation makes decisions unilaterally. NEAR community-run cloud is decentralized so updates must ultimately be accepted by a sufficient quorum of the network participants. Updates about its future are generated from the community and subject to an inclusive governance process, which balances efficiency and security.
In order to ensure that the operators of nodes — who are anonymous and potentially even malicious — run the code with good behavior, they participate in a staking process called “Proof of Stake”. In this process, they willingly put a portion of value at risk as a sort of deposit, which they will forfeit if it is proven that they have operated improperly.

2.2.1 Elements of the NEAR’s Platform

The NEAR platform is made up of many separate elements. Some of these are native to the platform itself while others are used in conjunction with or on top of it.
1. THE NEAR TOKEN
NEAR token is the fundamental native asset of the NEAR ecosystem and its functionality is enabled for all accounts. Each token is a unique digital asset similar to Ether, which can be used to:
a) Pay the system for processing transactions and storing data.
b) Run a validating node as part of the network by participating in the staking process.
c) Help determine how network resources are allocated and where its future technical direction will go by participating in governance processes.
The NEAR token enables the economic coordination of all participants who operate the network plus it enables new behaviors among the applications which are built on top of that network.
2. OTHER DIGITAL ASSETS
The platform is designed to easily store unique digital assets, which may include, but aren’t limited to:
  • Other Tokens: Tokens bridged from other chains (“wrapped”) or created atop the NEAR Platform can be easily stored and moved using the underlying platform. This allows many kinds of tokens to be used atop the platform to pay for goods and services. “Stablecoins,” specific kinds of token which are designed to match the price of another asset (like the US Dollar), are particularly useful for transacting on the network in this way.
  • Unique Digital Assets: Similar to tokens, digital assets (sometimes called “Non Fungible Tokens” (NFTs) ranging from in-game collectibles to representations of real-world asset ownership can be stored and moved using the platform.
3. THE NEAR PLATFORM
The core platform, which is made up of the cloud of community-operated nodes, is the most basic piece of infrastructure provided. Developers can permissionlessly deploy smart contracts to this cloud and users can permissionlessly use the applications they power. Applications, which could range from consumer-facing games to digital currencies, can store their state (data) securely on the platform. This is conceptually similar to the Ethereum platform.
Operations that require an account, network use, or storage at the top of the platform require payment to the platform in the form of transaction fees that the platform then distributes to its community from the authentication contract. These operations could include creating new accounts, publishing new contracts, implementing code by contract and storing or modifying data by contract.
As long as the rules of the protocol are followed, any independent developer can write software, which interfaces with it (for example, by submitting transactions, creating accounts or even running a new node client) without asking for anyone’s permission first.
4. THE NEAR DEVELOPMENT SUITE
Set of tools and reference implementations created to facilitate its use by those developers and end users who prefer them. These tools include:
  • NEAR SDKs: NEAR platform supports (Rust and AssemblyScript) languages to write smart contracts. To provide a great experience for developers, NEAR has a full SDK, which includes standard data structures, examples and testing tools for these two languages.
  • Gitpod for NEAR: NEAR uses existing technology Gitpod to create zero time onboarding experience for developers. Gitpod provides an online “Integrated Development Environment” (IDE), which NEAR customized to allow developers to easily write, test and deploy smart contracts from a web browser.
  • NEAR Wallet: A wallet is a basic place for developers and end users to store the assets they need to use the network. NEAR Wallet is a reference implementation that is intended to work seamlessly with the progressive security model that lets application developers design more effective user experiences. It will eventually include built-in functionality to easily enable participation by holders in staking and governance processes on the network.
  • NEAR Explorer: To aid with both debugging of contracts and the understanding of network performance, Explorer presents information from the blockchain in an easily digestible web-based format.
  • NEAR Command Line Tools: The NEAR team provides a set of straightforward command line tools to allow developers to easily create, test and deploy applications from their local environments.
All of these tools are being created in an open-source manner so they can be modified or deployed by anyone.

3. ECONOMIC

Primarily economic forces drive the ecosystem, which makes up the NEAR platform. This economy creates the incentives, which allow participants permissionlessly organize to drive the platform’s key functions while creating strong disincentives for undesirable, irresponsible or malicious behavior. In order for the platform to be effective, these incentives need to exist both in the short term and in the long term.
The NEAR platform is a market among participants interested in two aspects:
  • On the supply side, certification contract operators and other core infrastructure must be motivated to provide these services that make up the community cloud.
  • On the demand side, platform developers and end-users who pay for their use need to be able to do so in a simple, clear and consistent way that helps them.
Further, economic forces can also be applied to support the ecosystem as a whole. They can be used at a micro level to create new business models by directly compensating the developers who create its most useful applications. They can also be used at a macro level by coordinating the efforts of a broader set of ecosystem participants who participate in everything from education to governance.

3.1 NEAR ECONOMY DESIGN PRINCIPLES

NEAR’s overall system design principles are used to inform its economic design according to the following interpretations:
1. Usability: End users and developers should have predictable and consistent pricing for their usage of the network. Users should never lose data forever.
2. Scalability: The platform should scale at economically justified thresholds.
3. Simplicity: The design of each of the system’s components should be as simple as possible in order to achieve their primary purpose.
4. Sustainable Decentralization: The barrier for participation in the platform as a validating node should be set as low as possible in order to bring a wide range of participants. Over time, their participation should not drive wealth and control into the hands of a small number. Individual transactions made far in the future must be at least as secure as those made today in order to safeguard the value they modify.

3.2 ECONOMIC OVERVIEW

The NEAR economy is optimized to provide developers and end users with the easiest possible experience while still providing proper incentives for network security and ecosystem development.
Summary of the key ideas that drive the system:
  • Thresholded Proof of Stake: Validating node operators provide scarce and valuable compute resources to the network. In order to ensure that the computations they run are correct, they are required to “stake” NEAR tokens, which guarantee their results. If these results are found to be inaccurate, the staker loses their tokens. This is a fundamental mechanism for securing the network. The threshold for participating in the system is set algorithmically at the lowest level possible to allow for the broadest possible participation of validating nodes in a given “epoch” period (½ of a day).
  • Epoch Rewards: Node operators are paid for their service a fixed percentage of total supply as a “security” fee of roughly 4.5% annualized. This rate targets sufficient participation levels among stakers in order to secure the network while balancing with other usage of NEAR token in the ecosystem.
  • Protocol treasury: In addition to validators, protocol treasury received a 0.5% of total supply annually to continuously re-invest into ecosystem development.
  • Transaction Costs: Usage of the network consumes two separate kinds of resources — instantaneous and long term. Instantaneous costs are generated by every transaction because each transaction requires the usage of both the network itself and some of its computation resources. These are priced together as a mostly-predictable cost per transaction, which is paid in NEAR tokens.
  • Storage Costs: Storage is a long term cost because storing data represents an ongoing burden to the nodes of the network. Storage costs are covered by maintaining minimum balance of NEAR tokens on the account or contract. This provides indirect mechanism of payment via inflation to validators for maintaining contract and account state on their nodes.
  • Inflation: Inflation is determined as combination of payouts to validators and protocol treasury minus the collected transaction fees and few other NEAR burning mechanics (like name auction). Overall the maximum inflation is 5%, which can go down over time as network gets more usage and more transactions fees are burned. It’s possible that inflation becomes negative (total supply decreases) if there is enough fees burned.
  • Scaling Thresholds: In a network, which scales its capacity relative to the amount of usage it receives, the thresholds, which drive the network to bring on additional capacity are economic in nature.
  • Security Thresholds: Some thresholds, which provide for good behavior among participants are set using economic incentives. For example, “Fishermen” (described separately).
Full Report
submitted by CoinEx_Institution to Coinex [link] [comments]

BCH Unlimited Ubuntu PPA repo updated to version 1.9.0

The BCH Unlimited Ubuntu PPA repository has been updated to serve version 1.9.0 is available at:
 
https://launchpad.net/~bitcoin-unlimited/+archive/ubuntu/bucash
 
This release is compatible the Bitcoin Cash protocol. To update already installed packages:
 
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade 
 
To install
 
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bitcoin-unlimited/bucash sudo apt-get update sudo apt install bitcoind bitcoin-qt 
 
starting from this update the repository is serving also ElectrsCash(**) v2.0.0, for now just for the amd64 architecture. To install it just execute this command:
sudo apt install electrscash 
 
See the official announcement and the release notes for more details:
https://old.reddit.com/btc/comments/ih2eyt/bch_unlimited_190_has_just_been_released/
https://github.com/BitcoinUnlimited/BitcoinUnlimited/blob/release/doc/release-notes/release-notes-1.9.0.md
 
Known issues:
On Ubuntu 18.04 (bionic) you'll probably get an error while trying to install bitcoind. The error message is the following:
The following packages have unmet dependencies. bitcoind : Depends: libgcc-s1 (>= 3.4) but it is not installable E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages. Package libgcc-s1 is not available, but is referred to by another package. This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or is only available from another source 
To solve the problem please do:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-toolchain-test sudo apt update sudo apt dist-upgrade sudo apt install bitcoind 
 
(**) ElectrsCash is an efficient re-implementation of Electrum Server written in Rust.
submitted by s1ckpig to btc [link] [comments]

BCH Unlimited Ubuntu PPA repo updated to version 1.9.0

The BCH Unlimited Ubuntu PPA repository has been updated to serve version 1.9.0 is available at:
 
https://launchpad.net/~bitcoin-unlimited/+archive/ubuntu/bucash
 
This release is compatible the Bitcoin Cash protocol. To update already installed packages:
 
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade 
 
To install
 
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bitcoin-unlimited/bucash sudo apt-get update sudo apt install bitcoind bitcoin-qt 
 
starting from this update the repository is serving also ElectrsCash(**) v2.0.0, for now just for the amd64 architecture. To install it just execute this command:
sudo apt install electrscash 
 
See the official announcement and the release notes for more details:
https://old.reddit.com/btc/comments/ih2eyt/bch_unlimited_190_has_just_been_released/
https://github.com/BitcoinUnlimited/BitcoinUnlimited/blob/release/doc/release-notes/release-notes-1.9.0.md
 
Known issues:
On Ubuntu 18.04 (bionic) you'll probably get an error while trying to install bitcoind. The error message is the following:
The following packages have unmet dependencies. bitcoind : Depends: libgcc-s1 (>= 3.4) but it is not installable E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages. Package libgcc-s1 is not available, but is referred to by another package. This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or is only available from another source 
To solve the problem please do:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-toolchain-test sudo apt update sudo apt dist-upgrade sudo apt install bitcoind 
 
(**) ElectrsCash is an efficient re-implementation of Electrum Server written in Rust.
submitted by s1ckpig to Bitcoincash [link] [comments]

BCH Unlimited Ubuntu PPA repo updated to version 1.8.0

The BCH Unlimited Ubuntu PPA repository has been updated to serve version 1.8.0 is available at:
 
https://launchpad.net/~bitcoin-unlimited/+archive/ubuntu/bucash
 
This release is compatible the Bitcoin Cash protocol. To update already installed packages (*):
 
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade 
 
To install
 
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bitcoin-unlimited/bucash sudo apt-get update sudo apt install bitcoind bitcoin-qt 
 
starting from this update the repository is serving also ElectrsCash(**) v.1.1.1, for now just for the amd64 architecture. To install it just execute this command:
sudo apt install electrscash 
 
See the official announcement and the release notes for more details:
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/g3k4mbch_unlimited_180_has_just_been_released/
https://github.com/BitcoinUnlimited/BitcoinUnlimited/blob/release/doc/release-notes/release-notes-1.8.0.md
 
Known issues:
On Ubuntu 18.04 (bionic) you'll probably get an error while trying to install bitcoind. The error message is the following:
The following packages have unmet dependencies. bitcoind : Depends: libgcc-s1 (>= 3.4) but it is not installable E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages. Package libgcc-s1 is not available, but is referred to by another package. This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or is only available from another source 
It seems like libgcc-s1 which is a focal (ubuntu 20.04, still in beta) package that has somehow crept in the bionic "food-chain", I'm working on a fix right now. Thanks to xd1gital for the initial report.
Edit: to solve the problem please do:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-toolchain-test sudo apt update sudo apt dist-upgrade sudo apt install bitcoind 
 
(*) due to fact we rebranded Ubuntua PPA name along with the name of the clients, you will be displayed with this warning and question to which you could safely reply "Yes":
E: Repository 'http://ppa.launchpad.net/bitcoin-unlimited/bucash/ubuntu bionic InRelease' changed its 'Label' value from 'BU Cash' to 'BCH Unlimited' N: This must be accepted explicitly before updates for this repository can be applied. See apt-secure(8) manpage for details. Do you want to accept these changes and continue updating from this repository? [y/N] 
  (**) ElectrsCash is an efficient re-implementation of Electrum Server written in Rust.
submitted by s1ckpig to bitcoin_unlimited [link] [comments]

BCH Unlimited Ubuntu PPA repo updated to version 1.8.0

The BCH Unlimited Ubuntu PPA repository has been updated to serve version 1.8.0 is available at:
 
https://launchpad.net/~bitcoin-unlimited/+archive/ubuntu/bucash
 
This release is compatible the Bitcoin Cash protocol. To update already installed packages (*):
 
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade 
 
To install
 
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bitcoin-unlimited/bucash sudo apt-get update sudo apt install bitcoind bitcoin-qt 
 
starting from this update the repository is serving also ElectrsCash(**) v.1.1.1, for now just for the amd64 architecture. To install it just execute this command:
sudo apt install electrscash 
 
See the official announcement and the release notes for more details:
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/g3k4mbch_unlimited_180_has_just_been_released/
https://github.com/BitcoinUnlimited/BitcoinUnlimited/blob/release/doc/release-notes/release-notes-1.8.0.md
 
Known issues:
On Ubuntu 18.04 (bionic) you'll probably get an error while trying to install bitcoind. The error message is the following:
The following packages have unmet dependencies. bitcoind : Depends: libgcc-s1 (>= 3.4) but it is not installable E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages. Package libgcc-s1 is not available, but is referred to by another package. This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or is only available from another source 
It seems like libgcc-s1 which is a focal (ubuntu 20.04, still in beta) package that has somehow crept in the bionic "food-chain", I'm working on a fix right now. Thanks to xd1gital for the initial report.
Edit: to solve the problem please do:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-toolchain-test sudo apt update sudo apt dist-upgrade sudo apt install bitcoind 
 
(*) due to fact we rebranded Ubuntua PPA name along with the name of the clients, you will be displayed with this warning and question to which you could safely reply "Yes":
E: Repository 'http://ppa.launchpad.net/bitcoin-unlimited/bucash/ubuntu bionic InRelease' changed its 'Label' value from 'BU Cash' to 'BCH Unlimited' N: This must be accepted explicitly before updates for this repository can be applied. See apt-secure(8) manpage for details. Do you want to accept these changes and continue updating from this repository? [y/N] 
  (**) ElectrsCash is an efficient re-implementation of Electrum Server written in Rust.
submitted by s1ckpig to btc [link] [comments]

BCH Unlimited Ubuntu PPA repo updated to version 1.8.0

The BCH Unlimited Ubuntu PPA repository has been updated to serve version 1.8.0 is available at:

 

https://launchpad.net/~bitcoin-unlimited/+archive/ubuntu/bucash

 

This release is compatible the Bitcoin Cash protocol. To update already installed packages (*):

 

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

 

To install

 

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bitcoin-unlimited/bucash
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt install bitcoind bitcoin-qt

 

starting from this update the repository is serving also ElectrsCash(**) v.1.1.1, for now just for the `amd64` architecture. To install it just execute this command:

sudo apt install electrscash

 

See the official announcement and the release notes for more details:

https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/g3k4mbch_unlimited_180_has_just_been_released/

https://github.com/BitcoinUnlimited/BitcoinUnlimited/blob/release/doc/release-notes/release-notes-1.8.0.md

 

Known issues:

On Ubuntu 18.04 (bionic) you'll probably get an error while trying to install `bitcoind`. The error message is the following:

The following packages have unmet dependencies.
bitcoind : Depends: libgcc-s1 (>= 3.4) but it is not installable
E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages.

Package libgcc-s1 is not available, but is referred to by another package.
This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or
is only available from another source

It seems like [libgcc-s1](https://packages.ubuntu.com/focal/libgcc-s1) which is a focal (ubuntu 20.04, still in beta) package that has somehow crept in the bionic "food-chain", I'm working on a fix right now. Thanks to xd1gital for the initial report.

 

(*) due to fact we rebranded Ubuntua PPA name along with the name of the clients, you will be displayed with this warning and question to which you could safely reply "Yes":

E: Repository 'http://ppa.launchpad.net/bitcoin-unlimited/bucash/ubuntu bionic InRelease' changed its 'Label' value from 'BU Cash' to 'BCH Unlimited'
N: This must be accepted explicitly before updates for this repository can be applied. See apt-secure(8) manpage for details.
Do you want to accept these changes and continue updating from this repository? [y/N]

 
(**) ElectrsCash is an efficient re-implementation of Electrum Server written in Rust.
submitted by s1ckpig to Bitcoincash [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Unlimited Ubuntu PPA repo updated to version 1.7.0

The Bitcoin Unlimited Ubuntu PPA repository has been updated to serve BU version 1.7.0 is available at:
 
https://launchpad.net/~bitcoin-unlimited/+archive/ubuntu/bucash
 
This release is compatible the Bitcoin Cash protocol. To update already installed packages:
 
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade 
 
To install
 
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bitcoin-unlimited/bucash sudo apt-get update sudo apt install bitcoind bitcoin-qt 
 
starting from this update the repository is serving also ElectrsCash(*) v.1.0, for now just for the amd64 architecture. To install it just execute this command:
sudo apt install electrscash 
 
See the official announcement and the release notes for more details:
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/dgc8mq/bitcoin_unlimited_170_has_just_been_released/
https://github.com/BitcoinUnlimited/BitcoinUnlimited/blob/bucash1.7.0.0/doc/release-notes-bucash.md
 
(*) ElectrsCash is an efficient re-implementation of Electrum Server written in Rust
submitted by s1ckpig to btc [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Unlimited Ubuntu PPA repo updated to version 1.7.0

The Bitcoin Unlimited Ubuntu PPA repository has been updated to serve BU version 1.7.0 is available at:
 
https://launchpad.net/~bitcoin-unlimited/+archive/ubuntu/bucash
 
This release is compatible the Bitcoin Cash protocol. To update already installed packages:
 
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade 
 
To install
 
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bitcoin-unlimited/bucash sudo apt-get update sudo apt install bitcoind bitcoin-qt 
 
starting from this update the repository is serving also ElectrsCash(*) v.1.0, for now just for the amd64 architecture. To install it just execute this command:
sudo apt install electrscash 
 
See the official announcement and the release notes for more details:
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/dgc8mq/bitcoin_unlimited_170_has_just_been_released/
https://github.com/BitcoinUnlimited/BitcoinUnlimited/blob/bucash1.7.0.0/doc/release-notes-bucash.md
 
(*) ElectrsCash is an efficient re-implementation of Electrum Server written in Rust
submitted by s1ckpig to Bitcoincash [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Unlimited Ubuntu PPA repo updated to version 1.7.0

The Bitcoin Unlimited Ubuntu PPA repository has been updated to serve BU version 1.7.0 is available at:
 
https://launchpad.net/~bitcoin-unlimited/+archive/ubuntu/bucash
 
This release is compatible the Bitcoin Cash protocol. To update already installed packages:
 
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade 
 
To install
 
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bitcoin-unlimited/bucash sudo apt-get update sudo apt install bitcoind bitcoin-qt 
 
starting from this update the repository is serving also ElectrsCash(*) v.1.0, for now just for the amd64 architecture. To install it just execute this command:
sudo apt install electrscash 
 
See the official announcement and the release notes for more details:
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/dgc8mq/bitcoin_unlimited_170_has_just_been_released/
https://github.com/BitcoinUnlimited/BitcoinUnlimited/blob/bucash1.7.0.0/doc/release-notes-bucash.md
 
(*) ElectrsCash is an efficient re-implementation of Electrum Server written in Rust
submitted by s1ckpig to bitcoin_unlimited [link] [comments]

[FS] Worth: 1000-1200$, Price wanted - 150$

Hi! I want to sell my Steam account with many games. Price is 150$, I prefer Paypal, but other types of payment except bitcoin are welcome.

Photo of my account stats: https://i.imgur.com/672V6ck.png

Here is the full list of games:
Have a great day!
submitted by iriusturar to SteamAccountsForSale [link] [comments]

A silly idea I had: RustCoin... Fight to the death... for real money!

Here is an idea I came-up with a couple of months ago (note that I do not consider this a GOOD idea; it's just an idea intended to be somewhat humorous and thought-provoking):
INITIATION
PREPARATION
  • As the game launches - everyone with their rock in hand - the game is considered in the "Preparation" stage. This stage is essentially just standard Rust play, with a couple of caveats.
  • This stage will last an exact number of predetermined Rust days OR real-life days (it doesn't really matter which you choose, although real-life days would be easier to follow).
  • During this stage, players may spend their BTC to buy structure-oriented items or some basic resources*, but NO (or very few) items will be available which translate to metal or guns. Examples:
OK: raw wood, raw chicken, EXTREMELY expensive metal doors
NOT OK: metal fragments, guns, blueprints, etc.
  • Buying items with BTC would be accomplished using "/asdf" style commands, but the commands can only be executed while standing at a workbench.
  • Players are NOT allowed to purchase more BTC once the game has already entered Preparation mode.
  • When players spend their BTC to buy things, the BTC will go into a "pool" which will be distributed amongst world-spawn crates in the next stage of gameplay.
  • During this "Preparation" stage, normal PvP is allowed, but players cannot lose or gain BTC from/to other players in any way.
LIVE
  • Global notifications will alert all players when the Live stage is approaching.
  • Upon the start of the "Live" stage, all players are teleported to their last sleeping bag (they maintain items and are fully healed). All BTC that each player has not already spent will be converted into a stackable item and placed into each respective player's inventory. (Excess will be thrown onto the ground in front of the player.)
  • BTC will have a maximum stack size so that looting a lot of it will take time.
  • During this stage, all "server coin" (any BTC spent to purchase items) is GRADUALLY redistributed among world chests. There is a fairly small cap on the amount of BTC that can be in any given world drop at once. Obviously things like air drops should be allowed to contain additional BTC.
  • During this "Live" stage, players are still allowed to buy items with BTC, but the item selection is extremely limited (i.e. wood and chicken) and items are significantly more expensive compared to their price during the "Preperation" stage (i.e. 3,4,5 times more expensive).
  • During this stage, any BTC spent by players or lost to the server (i.e. dropped and despawned) will be redistributed amongst world chests.
  • This "Live" stage will last longer than the "Prep" stage and will end after a specified period of time.
  • The game ends when this stage ends.
  • At the end of this stage, each player will be awarded all of the BTC in their inventory and contained in storage owned by them. BTC not claimed by players could be handled in a number of ways, including just giving it to the server owners.
ADMIN & ATTITUDES
  • Admin will always be present during play, but they cannot play or interact in any way, except to execute their admin duties.
  • Exploits which stem from a unintended coding "bug" will NOT be allowed. The server may also choose to list specific exploits prior to game start which will NOT be allowed.
  • General attitude should be to allow camping and all harassment that is not emotional harassment. In other words, if you want to pick someone out and camp them the entire game, you are welcome to do so as long as you steer clear of racial slurs and such.
OTHER THOUGHTS
  • A small portion of all entry BTC could be paid to the server owner.
  • The nature of cryptocurrencies pairs well with an idea like this. Players can remain anonymous, no bank accounts involved, and all BTC will be contained in a single (server-held) wallet during the course of the game, to ensure no one cheats.
EDIT: I think you guys are missing the point of why I chose to share this idea. It is to brainstorm possibilities that Rust (and games in general) have to offer. Dismissing an idea because the current Alpha build of Rust is susceptible to hacks is missing the point. I would absolutely not agree to be a part of a "real money" Rust server right now. But obviously FacePunch will work on that part of the code when it WARRANTS time.
submitted by ujustdontgetdubstep to playrust [link] [comments]

ADMIN TROLLING my *ENTIRE* Server - Rust Admin Trolling ... [Deutsch] Rust Dedicated Server Windows + Oxide ... Rust - Hidden Commands - YouTube Rust Creative Server / Creative Mode Tutorial  2020 - YouTube Rust Moderation Commands - YouTube

rust-bitcoin-indexer was designed to have a good idempotent and reliable events streaming/subscription data model. electrs is used for practical purposes, rust-bitcoin-indexer (at least right now) is just a neat experiment that gave good results and seems to be working quite well. pm2 commands to use for Profit Trailer; News; Contact; Old Posts. How to create your Ubuntu Linux VPS ; How to run a second Profit Trailer Bot; How to add more RAM to Profit Trailer; How to install PTMagic on ubuntu server; How to install PTMagic on Raspberry Pi3; How to install Apache web server on Ubuntu; How to install Let’s Encrypt on Ubuntu; Rust. News. Kraken’s Cryptowatch ships ... Rust Language Server, the RLS provides a server that runs in the background, providing IDEs, editors, and other tools with information about Rust programs. It supports code completion, jumps to the definition, code formatting, and many more. Rust Lang Compiler Team create the rls-2.0 working group. The goal is to make better user RLS experience. Bitcoin Indexer. An experiment in indexing Bitcoin, in Rust. Query blocks using JsonRPC, dump them into Postgres. Handle reorg detections. WIP, Goals: check how much code is realistically necessary; check how simple/complex can it be; check Rust ecosystem support (rust-bitcoin mostly) check performance and see how much can it be optimized I’ll assume you have some familiarity with executing commands in the terminal or command prompt, and know some programming terminology (like what functions are). Let’s start with the first Project Euler problem. The problem wants us to find the sum of all the multiples of 3 or 5 below 1000. Before we even tackle the problem we’ll set up and install Rust. We’ll create a project and ...

[index] [16625] [40717] [3948] [24297] [33891] [38080] [10475] [29094] [14307] [12532]

ADMIN TROLLING my *ENTIRE* Server - Rust Admin Trolling ...

A quick showcase of INTOXICATED US SANDBOX for those of you looking for a Rust Creative Server or Rust Creative Mode. ----- Video Not... This video was recorded and edited by MCrow. The music I used in the video was taken from Youtube Audio Library. Open console by pressing F1! Commands from t... This tutorial covers creating a rust server from scratch, loading a specific map with all monuments and using admin powers. Every command and link is listed ... Patreon: https://patreon.com/brityt In today's Rust video we try our hand at [US] SOLO ONLY INFO (Wipes Thursdays) ~~~~~ [US] Brits 2x SOLO Only co... Updated and refined for 2020. All the details you need to set up a Rust Server, no details left out. Commands used to install Rust Server login anonymous for...

#